Activity Day at 6U
The 6U activity day consists of a 60-minute session: 35 minutes of technical development and one game of four five-minute periods with a five-minute break.
The recommended field size for 6U games is 25-35 x 15-25 yards marked with lines or cones.
Distinctive lines can be used but are not required. Field can be marked using 20 flat pro-cones to mark all four sides.
Goals should be four feet high and six feet wide OR four tall cones, two each set six feet apart.
A size 3 ball is used for 6U games.
- Numbers: Four per team on field; No goalkeepers. Six maximum on roster.
- Substitutions: Between periods, at halftime and for injuries.
- Playing Time: Minimum of two periods per game and no player should play four periods until everyone has played three.
- Teams: Separate girls and boys teams should be promoted at all levels of play. Only players should be allowed on the field; with the exception of a coach from each team to manage the game.
Shoes and shinguards, covered by the socks are mandatory at all practice and game activities. Soccer shoes, tennis shoes, or similar type athletic shoes are recommended. The type and condition of cleated shoes must be inspected for safety before use.
Duration of Game:
Four five-minute periods. Half time break of 5 minutes.
There is no need for fully qualified referees to manage 6U games. One or both of the coaches should "officiate". The games are intended to be an opportunity for our players to experience the fun of playing. The barest of minimum rules are needed and should be applied with a generous amount of flexibility. Let the players have the freedom to play with minimum interruption.
The Start of Play:
The game should be started with a kick-off in the middle of the field.
The kick off is taken from the center of the field with each team in their own half and the team not kicking off at least ten feet from the ball. Do not insist the opponent always be ten feet from the ball, as this is just a guide to give the kicker room to kick the ball without it immediately hitting an opponent. Remember, let them play and do not interfere for technicalities.
Ball In and Out of Play:
The ball is out of play in all age group games when it completely crosses the touch line (side line) or goal line (end line), either on the ground or in the air. The coach in the 6U games will determine when one of these restarts in necessary and should then interfere as little as possible in the restart. It's their game, let them play. The coach can work on technique later.
Method of Scoring:
A goal, in all age groups, is awarded when the ball completely crosses the goal line into the goal. Goals should be celebrated enthusiastically by everyone in 6U, but goals are not recorded to determine who wins. Everyone wins in 6U games.
Deliberate fouls should be rare in 6U games. Kicking, tripping, handling the ball and dangerous play may occur. there should be few, if any, additional reasons to stop play in 6U games. If a player is 'not playing well with others' or if play must be stopped for any reason (injury, substitution, confusion, or to watch a passing train, butterfly or frog), refocus the players and begin again with a free kick or pass in as appropriate. Award the start to whichever team deserves it. Exercise common sense, stand back and let them play.
Misconduct should be rare in 6U games. There is no need for the public cautioning and sending off of young players (leave the red and yellow cards at home). Officials should work cooperatively with the coach when a player may need a 'time out'.
Play may have to be stopped occasionally to 'sort things out' in 6U games. A player may pick up the ball and start running with it, or want to keep it away from the other players, or perhaps there is a pile of kids on the ground kicking at both the ball and each other. Stop play, quickly correct the situation and restart with a kick to a deserving player. All free kicks in 6U are indirect kicks. Opponents must be at least ten feet from the ball or on the goal line between the goal posts during free kicks. Free kicks awarded to the attacking team inside the defending teams goal area are to be taken from the nearest point on the goal area line parallel to the goal line.
Throw-ins are replaced with kick-ins or dribble-ins at 6U. Opponents should be ten feet from the ball.
A goal kick is awarded to the opposing team, in 6U and older, when the attacking team is last to touch the ball before it crosses the goal line but without scoring a goal. The goal kick may be taken from any point inside the goal area. The opposing team must be at least ten feet away from the ball when the goal kick is taken in 6U games.
A corner kick is awarded to the opposing team, in 6U and older, when the defending team is last to touch the ball before it crosses the goal line but not scoring a goal. The opposing team must be at least ten feet from the ball when the corner kick is taken in 6U games.
A hand ball infraction occurs when a player handles the ball deliberately. The 'hand' includes the entire arm up to the top of the shoulder. Instinctive, self-protective reactions are not penalized at this young age. Accidental contact (ball striking hand or arm with no intent by the player) is not an offense and should not be penalized.
Consistent with the US Soccer mandates on heading the ball, heading is banned for all division 11U (12U and below for programs without single age divisions) and below in both practices and matches. An indirect free kick will be awarded to the opposing team if a player deliberately touches the ball with his/her head during a match (taken where the player touched the ball with his/her head).
The Jamboree is an alternative method of conducting the standard 6U short-sided program. Following are guidelines for how to put together and run a Jamboree for your region.
To run a Jamboree, the first step is to locate a "Master Coach." The Master Coach must be a currently registered AYSO volunteer. It is highly recommended that the Master Coach be an AYSO Advanced Coach and Advanced Coach Instructor. However, in the case where a Region is unable to run a 6U Jamboree because of a lack of Advanced Coach who is also an Advanced Coach Instructor, it is permissible to use:
- An Advanced Coach who is also a Coach Instructor.
- An Advanced Coach who is not an Instructor.
- An Intermediate Coach who is a Coach Instructor.
- An Intermediate Coach.
The Regional Coach Administrator should work with the Regional Commissioner to determine the most qualified (and willing) instructor for the program.
The Master Coach is in charge of the field! The purpose of the Master Coach is to guide new players through skills, activities and training games with the help of the parents, which will, in turn, ease the parents into learning how to coach.
Throughout this process, parents of each team will guide their team through the activities and games with the help and supervision of the Master Coach. The Master Coach should introduce and demonstrate each section first, then circulate to help the parents as they help the kids, giving all a positive learning experience.
Teams of up to six players on a roster should be formed before the season and have at least two parents per team who are willing to help on the weekend. Each player should receive a uniform, since it is part of the fun to get dressed up for "the big game" and having fun will make the kids want to come back.
(Alternatively, teams may be formed each week at the beginning of the session based on how many players arrive, dividing them equally and using scrimmage vests instead of uniforms).
Sessions should last one hour. Run as many sessions with as many players as is necessary throughout the day to have all players attend one session. (Example: 100 players = five sessions with 20 players [four teams] per session).
- Group Warm Up and Dynamic Stretches (5 minutes).
- Skills and Training Activities* (25 minutes).
* Each week a new technique and/or piece of game knowledge should be introduced, demonstrated, practiced and then reinforced with training activities that focus on that particular topic.
- Water Break (5 minutes).
- 4 v 4 Game (four x five-minute periods).
During the game, one parent from each team should be selected to keep the game going. All other parents should be encouraged to cheer positively but refrain from coaching (giving directions) from the sidelines, which simply confuses the players. This is the time for the kids to play.